What Does COP Stand For?

We explain that, and other buzzwords from the climate conference in Glasgow.


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What does COP stand for?

The main summit venue in Glasgow.Credit…Peter Summers/Getty Images

By The New York Times

Nov. 13, 2021, 1:52 p.m. ET

The global climate summit wrapping up in Glasgow is known as COP26, with COP standing for Conference of the Parties. In diplomatic parlance, “the parties” refers to the 197 nations that agreed to a new environmental pact, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, at a meeting in 1992.

That year, the United States and other countries ratified the treaty, which aims to combat “dangerous human interference with the climate system” and stabilize levels of greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere. This is the 26th time countries have gathered under the convention. Hence, COP26.

A lot of other words and phrases are being bandied about as leaders try to agree on final wording of an agreement. Here some of the ones you’re most likely to hear and read, plus an more in-depth explanation of the climate conference:

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